Source: Dispatch Today25 Jun 2019Officials and technical staff of ministries of agriculture and national water and irrigation related agencies in Southeast Asia, local governments, irrigators' and farmers' associations, academe, and research and international organizations will convene at a program development workshop for sustainable water resource management for food security in Southeast...Read more
LOS BAÑOS, Philippines - SEARCA, in partnership with the Philippine Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR), conducted the training on Financial Viability and Profitability Analysis of Agricultural Technologies and Enterprises for the third batch of participants on 3-7 June 2019 at the SEARCA Headquarters. A total of 46 selected personnel from state...Read more
LOS BAÑOS, Laguna – Dr. Glenn B. Gregorio, Director of the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), exhorted the University of the Philippines Los Baños Institute of Crop Science (UPLB ICrops) graduating class of 2019 to step up and step out as they move forward after graduation. Occasion was the UPLB ICrops Class of 2019...Read more
During the Hooding and Recognition Ceremonies of the UPLB Graduate School held last 21 June, Mr. Gerald M. Salas was among the recipients of the Academic Achievement award for PhD graduates. He was also recognized by the School of Environmental Science and Management (SESAM) as their Top 1 PhD Environmental Science graduate. At the College of Public Affairs and Development (CPAf), Ms....Read more
Thirty-four (34) SEARCA scholars from eight (8) SEAMEO member countries completed their degrees during this Fiscal Year 2018-2019. These scholars were recognized in a Testimonial Program held on 20 June 2019 at the SEARCA Headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna Philippines. Two other grantees of the University Consortium also attended the Testimonial, which was also witnessed by family and...Read more
Dr. Cecilia N. Gascon, President of Bulacan State University (BulSU) and a SEARCA alumna, visited SEARCA on 20 June 2019 along with Dr. Remedios Azarcon, Director, BulSU Office of Faculty and Staff Development.
They met with Dr. Glenn B. Gregorio, SEARCA Director, and Dr. Maria Cristeta N. Cuaresma, SEARCA Program Head for Graduate Education and Institutional Development (GEID), to discuss the...Read more
(6 months contract)
Provides administrative and technical assistance to the activities of the Graduate Education and Institutional Development Department (GEIDD) particularly in the monitoring of funds including fund release, budget expenses and realignments, preparation of terminal reports and other necessary reports, designing and implementing promotional...Read more
Research and Development Generating information, knowledge, lessons, and insights that will influence policies, investments, trade, and other actions that will promote competitive agriculture, as well as inclusive and sustainable ARD. Read More
Knowledge Management Promoting a learning culture, knowledge creation, knowledge-sharing and use, with a predominant focus on the broad strategic theme of ISARD. Read More
Investments in Research, Development, and Extension: Implications on TFP
Sergio R. Francisco and Flordeliza H. Bordey
Type: Productivity Growth in Philippine Agriculture
Pages: 32 pp.
2308-2143 (Soft cover) 2619-6670 (e-ISSN)
Total factor productivity (TFP) is one of the key drivers of economic growth. An important driver of productivity growth is research, development, and extension (RD&E). Investment in RD&E yields a flow of benefits to producers and consumers over many years. Benefits from RD&E arise when farmers use new technologies to lower their costs or increase the value of their products by improving their quality or other attributes.
There was a decreasing trend in RD&E intensity from 2001 to 2004 until an increase was noted in 2005. The average agricultural extension intensity was 0.19 percent. The trend in extension intensity followed a pattern similar to that of total RD&E. Similarly, R&D intensity was 0.20 percent in 2001 and ended at 0.08 percent in 2005, averaging 0.11 percent for the five-year period. This persistently low investment in R&D has contributed partly to the lag in agricultural productivity in the Philippines compared with its Asian neighbors. Using a cost framework, this study measured the contribution of public investments in R&D, extension, production subsidy, and irrigation in reducing rice production cost in the Philippines. The shadow share was used as a measure of marginal return to public investments in determining the need for further investments. This study also decomposed the growth in TFP of rice into scale economy, improvement in capacity utilization due to public investments, and rate of technical change. Results indicated that R&D generated cost savings and improved rice productivity. This implies that further investment in rice R&D is necessary. Results also showed that investment in production subsidy was counterproductive, which supports the call to phase it out. Inefficiencies in extension and irrigation investments were also observed. This suggests that reforms in the current extension system and a re-orientation of irrigation development strategies should be done to reap the potential benefits from these investments.
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