To be appointed as one of the think tanks of a country’s agriculture sector is both an honor and a huge responsibility. Having been entrusted that critical position by 12 agriculture ministers or in the case of the Philippines, department secretaries, and four Presidents is already a feat in itself.
BACKGROUNDPressures to deliver the intended results of agricultural and rural development are growing. To address inequitable and unsustainable growth in agriculture and in the rural sector, SEARCA has been pursuing Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development (ISARD) in selected communities that are relatively left out of development, in collaboration with state universities and colleges (SUCs) and local government units. At the end of the project, it is hoped that “no one is left out and everyone is empowered in promoting sustainable development.”
However, the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability, and impact of these ISARD initiatives should be continuously measured. Lessons should be learned and learning should be translated into actions. For this purpose, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) as management functions in the ISARD program cycle need to be strengthened. The ISARD landscape needs a Results-based Monitoring and Evaluation (RBME) system that will track whether the program and the various project components on the ground have achieved their intended outcome pathways. Furthermore, it helps determine whether the flow of resources/inputs and implementation of projects’ activities are on time. Finally, the system should also safeguard transparency, accountability and integrity.
This training-workshop is organized with these considerations. Generally, it is aimed to serve as a forum for participants (individuals and project teams) to learn and act collaboratively in understanding, developing, and utilizing an RBME system.
OBJECTIVESAt the end of this training-workshop, participants will be able to:
1. Explain RBME in the context of ISARD programs and projects;
2. Discuss key concepts, importance, processes, uses, and management of RBME;
3. Prepare RBME framework and matrixes;
4. Develop various RBME data collection instruments, forms, reporting system and report dissemination and utilization ways that will track inputs, outputs, outcomes and impact; and
5. Discuss how to sustain an RBME system for ISARD programs/projects.
MODULESThe training-workshop comprises five modules. The first module reviews the existing ISARD M&E. Then, it discusses the what, why, for whom, when, and how of RBME and locates RBME in the ISARD program/project cycle management. After discussing RBME in the context of ISARD process, Module 2 focuses on setting the core purposes, scope, stakeholders, and organization and management for ISARD RBME. Module 3 centers on the discussion and construction of ISARD results and logical frameworks. It also covers a discussion of the RBME plan or schedule and the target/performance tracking matrix. Module 4 deals with how to operationalize the framework, data collection tools, data management, reporting, learning and action, and report dissemination and utilization. Finally, Module 5 tackles the sustainability of the ISARD system.
APPROACHES AND METHODSThis training-workshop will use a variety of adult learning methods. It has three lecture-discussions and Q&A to explain concepts, approaches, strategies and processes. It will also make use of workshops and buzz sessions to develop the skills of the participants in the use of different tools discussed in the course. Participants will present their workshop outputs in plenary sessions, intended to promote exchange of ideas to assess and to suggest improvements to these outputs.
Participants will develop their re-entry plans to get their commitment in using their learning from this course. Finally, organizers will administer a pre-test and post-test exercise to gauge improvement in individual knowledge on RBME.
The Philippines and Vietnam have different strategies to mitigate the effects of climate change through interventions in the agriculture sector. Most recently, both countries have submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) within the framework of the Convention of Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015. The INDCs outline what climate actions the countries intend to take.
The project will analyze the institutional capacities of the two countries with respect to effectively implementing national and local climate change policies with focus on the rice sub-sector. Broadly, this is a study on the dynamics of policy process in the realm of climate change and agriculture. Specifically, it primarily deals with the comparative analysis of institutional setting, structure, processes, programs in and bottlenecks or constraints to the implementation of climate policy mitigation in agriculture/rice in the Philippines and Vietnam.
Institutions, in their various forms and dimensions and in varied settings, play important roles in the development (planning and implementation) of effective mitigation strategies. But institutional forms, entities, and processes as well as the dynamics by which they affect or influence national initiatives to develop appropriate mitigation strategies are not very well understood in both the Philippines and Vietnam. A study to make the institutions-rice/agriculture-climate change interface clearer in both countries is, therefore, necessary.
SEARCA is collaborating with IRRI on this project, in consonance with SEARCA’s focus on the overarching thrust of Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development (ISARD). The project officially started on July 15, 2016 and is expected to run until November 23, 2016.
Project Duration: 15 July 2016 - 23 November 2016
The study primarily seeks to identify bottlenecks in the implementation process and entry points for international institutions to support implementation of national mitigation plans in the rice sub-sector.
Furthermore, the project intends to highlight key stakeholders and their roles as well as posit recommendations on how to effectively involve them to successfully reduce the carbon footprint of rice production in the Philippines and Vietnam.
Comparative assessments will be undertaken using primary data gathered through interviews and secondary data. The project will have a comparative analysis of the following:
1. Institutional settings and processes for implementation of climate change policies in the agriculture sectors of Vietnam and the Philippines using the example of altered irrigation as mitigation strategy, including description of roles of stakeholders;
2. INDCs, national climate change action plans and other initiatives related to greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation in the agriculture sector of the two countries, with a focus on the rice sub-sector;
3. Possible bottlenecks for implementation of climate change policies in the rice-subsector and entry points for intervention; and
4. How climate change policies developed at the national level translate to change at the local level.
A case study will likewise be undertaken on the translation of climate change national policies to change at the local level.
This projected is expected to yield the following:
1. Improved level of understanding of the dynamics of implementation of climate change mitigation policy, particularly in the rice sub-sector, in the Philippines and Vietnam.
2. Better grasp of the INDCs, national climate change action plans, related initiatives in GHG mitigation in the rice sub-sector and the resources entailed.
3. Identified potential bottlenecks in the implementation of national mitigation plans in the rice sub-sector.
4. Possible entry points for interventions in support of the implementation of national mitigation plans in the rice sub-sector.
5. Understanding how climate change policies developed at the national level are translated to the local level.
6. Recommendations on effectively involving stakeholders to reduce the carbon footprint of rice production in the Philippines and Vietnam.
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) are gearing up for the launch workshop of the project on “Agricultural Transformation and Market Integration in the ASEAN Region: Responding to Food Security and Inclusiveness Concerns” to be held on 7-8 October 2016 at SEARCA Headquarters, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines.
Research and Development Generating information, knowledge, lessons, and insights that will influence policies, investments, trade, and other actions that will promote competitive agriculture, as well as inclusive and sustainable ARD. Read More
Knowledge Management Promoting a learning culture, knowledge creation, knowledge-sharing and use, with a predominant focus on the broad strategic theme of ISARD. Read More
Three SEARCA officials were among the recipients of University of the Philippines Los Baños Alumni Association (UPLBAA) awarded at the UPLB Alumni Fellowship and Awards Night held on 9 October 2011 at the EB Copeland Gymnasium, UPLB.
Dr. Gil C. Saguiguit, Jr. (second from right) and Mr. Gil Antonio C. Saguiguit III (rightmost) accept the 3 Generation Award given by the UPLBAA during the UPLB Alumni Fellowship and Awards Night held on 9 October 2011.
Dr. Gil C. Saguiguit, Jr., SEARCA Director, together with his late father, Dr. Gil F. Saguiguit, former SEARCA founding Deputy Director, and his son, Mr. Gil Antonio C. Saguiguit III, are members of the Saguiguit family who were given the 3 Generations Award. Dr. Saguiguit, Sr. graduated from UPLB in 1947 with a BS in Agriculture (BSA), while Dr. Saguiguit, Jr. completed his BSA in 1974 and MS in Agricultural Economics in 1977. Mr. Saguiguit III obtained his BS in Agricultural Economics in 2011.
Dr. Francisco F. Peñalba. (second from right) receives the Outstanding Alumnus award conferred by the UPLBAA during the UPLB Alumni Fellowship and Awards Night held on 9 October 2011.
Dr. Francisco F. Peñalba (BSA 1971), Deputy Director for Administration, was named Outstanding UPLB Alumnus (Research and Community Service).
The UPLB Chancellor and Country Representative of the Philippines to and Chair of the SEARCA Governing Board, Dr. Luis Rey I. Velasco (BSA 1978, MS 1982), was given the UPLB Distinguished Alumni (University Administration).
Other UPLBAA awardees were three SEARCA graduate alumni namely: Dr. Chamnian Yosraj, President, Maejo University, Thailand; and Dr. Samakkee Boonyawat, Associate Professor at the Department of Conservation, Faculty of Forestry, in Kasetsart University, Thailand; and Dr. Carmencita Kagaoan, Head, Institutional Development Division, Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR), Philippines (see related story). (Leah Lyn D. Domingo)